Gender Norms and Forced Displacement: Unpacking New Evidence from Colombia and Jordan - Shared screen with speaker view
Elena Ortiz
Hello everyone and welcome! We are thrilled to have you here for this important conversation on forced displacement and gender norms. At the end of the session, we’ll have some time for Q&A, so feel free to drop your questions in the Q&A box at any time throughout the session.
Elena Ortiz
Ragui Assaad, is a professor who researches education, labor policy, and labor market analysis in developing countries with a focus on the Middle East and North Africa. His current work focuses on inequality of opportunity in education, labor markets, transitions from school-to-work, employment and unemployment dynamics, family formation, informality, labor market responses to economic shocks, international migration, including the effects of forced migration.Assaad is a Research Fellow of the Economic Research Forum in Cairo, Egypt and has served on its board of trustees. He is also Research Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn, Germany. He served as Regional Director for West Asia and North Africa for the Population Council, based in Cairo, Egypt, from 2005 to 2008.
Abril Rios
Hello. Will the recording be shared after the session?
Elena Ortiz
Yes, the recording will be available and shared!
Elena Ortiz
Please find the full paper on how gender norms shape education and domestic work outcomes among Syrian refugee adolescents in Jordan here: https://documents.worldbank.org/en/publication/documents-reports/documentdetail/914761635472358174/how-do-gender-norms-shape-education-and-domestic-work-outcomes-the-case-of-syrian-refugee-adolescents-in-jordan
Abril Rios
thank you!
Diana Jimena Arango
Dear Abril, you will be able to find this recording and all of those under the gender dimensions of forced displacement webinar series here: https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/gender/brief/gender-dimensions-of-forced-displacement-gdfd-research-program
Elena Ortiz
Eliana Rubiano-Matulevich is an Economist with the World Bank Poverty Global Practice (GP) and the Regional Gender Coordinator for the Latin America and the Caribbean Region. Before joining the Poverty GP, she served as an Economist with the Gender Group where she was the focal point for Human Development sectors. She first joined the Bank in 2006 as a consultant working for the Office of the Chief Economist for the Latin America and the Caribbean Region. From 2008-2010 Eliana was a Junior Professional for the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network. She has worked in Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, South Asia, and in the Middle East.
Elena Ortiz
Eliana also held positions at the Inter-American Development Bank and at the Central Bank of Colombia. Prior to rejoining the Bank in 2015, she was a Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist with the Global Partnership for Education. She holds a Ph.D. from Maastricht University School of Business and Economics, and Master’s degree in Public Administration from Columbia University and a Master’s degree in Economics from Universidad Javeriana in Bogota (Colombia)
Diana Jimena Arango
Thank you all for joining us today. Please drop questions into the chat as you have them
Gianluca Giuman
could you share the link to Eliana's publication? Thanks.
Elena Ortiz
The full research paper on how forced displacement affects gender norms in Colombia is available here: https://documents.worldbank.org/en/publication/documents-reports/documentdetail/311741635474477371/do-gender-norms-become-less-traditional-with-displacement-the-case-of-colombia
Abhilasha Sahay
Could you please indicate how you define displacement? The slide mentions rural to urban movements, so I wonder how one disentangles this from migration.
Patricia Parera
Hello. Could you expand on VAW statement that women "stay in the relationship because they like it"? Thank you
María Beatriz Orlando
Thanks so much Patricia for that observation. I will mention in my comments that we have a long way to go in terms of standard battery of questions on social norms. Eliana will expand but my understanding is that the formulation of this question in Spanish tests the "acceptability /normalization " of GBV (as an expression of love/care). Clearly , not a question that we can use around the globe .I am sure Diana Arango will have comments on this too.
Elena Ortiz
Please drop your questions for the Q&A portion at the end in the Q&A box at the bottom of your screen.
Elena Ortiz
Ana María Ibañez is an Economics Principal Advisor at the Interamerican Development Bank. Her research focuses on the microeconomic analysis of internal armed conflict. Most of her research focuses on the economic costs of crime and conflict. Her research also studies the causes and consequences of economic and forced migration.
Diana Jimena Arango
The data collected on GBV is important to allow us to prioritize resources for interventions that prevent GBV and challenge GBV related gender norms and attitudes. The data allows us to advocate for more funding and to track the impact of our efforts.
Eliana Rubiano-Matulevich
Thanks Abhilasha. Displacement in the case of Colombia is defined using the migration questions in the survey: whether the person moved in the last 5 years or not , and if she moved - the reason was armed conflict. The urban/rural dimension is captured in the econometric estimation
Elena Ortiz
María Beatriz Orlando is a Lead Social Development Specialist with extensive experience in labor markets and gender analysis as well as gender-based violence. At the Bank, she has contributed to gender equality in the Latin America and the Caribbean and South Asia Regions through applied analytical work, programming, and dissemination of best practices in Bank operations. She has conducted research on labor markets and poverty and the socio-economic impact of gender based violence.Prior to joining the Bank she worked as a Research Associate at the Center for Global Development and Professor at Universidad Catolica Andres Bello (Caracas, Venezuela). While in Venezuela, Maria Beatriz participated in the poverty project conducting research about the informal sector and the gender wage gap. She also participated actively in the policy dialogue about labor markets, gender equality and microcredit with both government and non-government actors.
Eliana Rubiano-Matulevich
Hi Patricia. Regarding your question on the VAW indicator - Maria Beatriz is correct. This is an approximation of the acceptability of GBV as an expression of love. I'm seeking the exact wording and share.
Urooj Mian
We recently conducted a study in IDP camps in Syria (early March 2022, report should be published next week) we asked about divorce in the context of child and early forced marriage - it was revealed that divorce is an option BUT many girls/women chose not to leave abusive marriages because they as mothers would have no right to their children.
Elena Ortiz
Hi Luz, absolutely. The link to the research on forced displacement and gender norms among Syrian refugee adolescents in Jordan is available here: https://documents.worldbank.org/en/publication/documents-reports/documentdetail/914761635472358174/how-do-gender-norms-shape-education-and-domestic-work-outcomes-the-case-of-syrian-refugee-adolescents-in-jordan
Elena Ortiz
And the research on Colombia is available here: https://documents.worldbank.org/en/publication/documents-reports/documentdetail/311741635474477371/do-gender-norms-become-less-traditional-with-displacement-the-case-of-colombia
Ana María Ibañez
In a survey of Venezuelan migrants, we also find a low access to contraceptives
Patricia Parera
thank you. Indeed "the like statement" is controversial, specially if women do not have a choice to leave a relationship without risking retribution. Very interesting discussion. thank you
Elena Ortiz
Thank you all so much for joining us today! All research from the Gender Dimensions of Forced Displacement program can be found on our website here. Please check it out! https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/gender/brief/gender-dimensions-of-forced-displacement-gdfd-research-program#research
Rita Iorbo
Thank you for sharing outcomes of your research
Benedetta Musillo
Thank you all for sharing this evidence - it is so important to keep building the evidence base on gender norms, esp. in forced displacement contexts. I hear the strong call for better measurement and data and I will bring this back to my team and with our WB colleagues to see what more we can do
Diana Jimena Arango
We also have a policy brief on why GBV research in forced displacement is meaningful https://documents.worldbank.org/en/publication/documents-reports/documentdetail/593151638940044686/forced-displacement-and-violence-against-women-a-policy-brief
Patricia Parera
thank you very much
Mila Cantar
Thank you very much! It was very interesting